• Otis College alumni in the New York/Tri-State area are invited to a reception welcoming visiting Otis College fashion students at Global Brands Group headquarters in the Empire State Building. Join fellow alumni to celebrate the culmination of the Fashion Design Department's annual trip to Manhattan. This special event - open to all alumni from both undergraduate and graduate departments - is a great chance to reconnect with friends, welcome new Fashion Design alumni from the Class of 2017, and meet Otis College leaders including Fashion Design Interim Chair Jill Higashi-Zeleznik.

  • In conjunction with the current exhibition Patterns Bigger Than Any of Us: Jesse Fleming / Pat O'Neill in Ben Maltz Gallery, May 7 - August 12, 2017.

    In Conversation: Jesse Fleming and Pat O'Neill, moderated by LA-based idependent curator and historian Ciara Moloney


    Jesse Fleming (b. 1977) is part of an emerging group of artists and technologists that examine the convergence of media art and mindfulness. Recent solo exhibitions were held at Five Car Garage; 356 Mission; and Night Gallery, all in Los Angeles, CA; and the University of Texas in Austin, TX.

    Pat O’Neill’s (b. 1939) artistic and filmmaking career spans over 50 years, and he is highly-regarded for his experiments with film and optical printing. Recent solo exhibitions were held at Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive in Berkeley, CA; Monitor in Rome, Italy; VeneKlasen/Werner in Berlin, Germany; Quinta do Quetzal in Vidigueira, Portugal; Mitchell-Innes & Nash in New York, NY; and Cherry and Martin in Los Angeles, CA.

    Ciara Moloney is an independent curator, editor, and writer based in Los Angeles. She was formerly Curator of Exhibitions and Projects at Modern Art Oxford where she curated exhibitions by Barbara Kruger, Josh Kline, Lynn Hershman Leeson, Christian Boltanski and Kiki Kogelnik.

  • Amelia Gray is the author of the short story collections AM/PM, Museum of the Weird, and Gutshot, as well as the novels Threats and, most recently, Isadora, published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Her fiction and essays have appeared in The New Yorker, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, Tin House, and VICE. She is winner of the New York Public Library Young Lions Award, of FC2's Ronald Sukenick Innovative Fiction Prize, and a finalist for the PEN/Faulkner Award. 

  • Luis J. Rodriguez was Los Angeles Poet Laureate from 2014-2016. The twenty-fifth edition of his first book, Poems Across the Pavement, won a 2015 Paterson Award for Sustained Literary Achievement. He has written fourteen other books of poetry, children’s literature, fiction, and nonfiction, including the best-selling memoir Always Running: La Vida Loca: Gang Days in L.A. Rodriguez is also founding editor of Tia Chucha Press and co-founder of Tia Chucha’s Centro Cultural & Bookstore in the San Fernando Valley. In 2016 Tia Chucha Press produced the largest anthology of L.A.-area poets, Coiled Serpent: Poets Arising from the Cultural Quakes & Shifts of Los Angeles. Rodriguez’s last memoir It Calls You Back: An Odyssey Through Love, Addiction, Revolutions, and Healing was a finalist for the 2012 National Book Critics Circle Award. His latest poetry collection Borrowed Bones appeared in 2016 from Curbstone Books/Northwestern University Press.

  • Raised in Philadelphia, with roots in South Africa and Trinidad, Zinzi Clemmons’ writing has appeared in Zoetrope: All-Story, Transition, The Paris Review Daily, and elsewhere. She has received fellowships and support from the MacDowell Colony, Bread Loaf, the Fine Arts Work Center in Provincetown, and the Kimbilio Center for African American Fiction. She is co-founder and former Publisher of Apogee Journal, and a Contributing Editor to LitHub. She teaches literature and creative writing at the Colburn Conservatory and Occidental College. Her debut novel, What We Lose, as well as a second title, are forthcoming from Viking.

  • Louise Sandhaus is a graphic designer and graphic design educator. She was previously Director of the Graphic Design Program at CalArts where she currently is faculty. Her recent book on California graphic design, Earthquakes, Mudslides, Fires and Riots: California and Graphic Design 1936-1986, co-published by Metropolis Books and Thames & Hudson, has received laudatory reviews from The New York Times, The Guardian, Eye, and Creative Review. The book received the Palm d’Argent for best art book at FILAF (International Festival of Art Books and Films on Art).

  • Photo Credit: Jesse Pniak


    F. Douglas Brown received the 2013 Cave Canem Poetry Prize (selected by Tracy K. Smith) for Zero to Three, published by the University of Georgia. He also co-authored the chapbook Begotten with Geffrey Davis as part of Upper Rubber Boot Book's Floodgate Poetry Series. Both a past Cave Canem and Kundiman Fellow, his poems have appeared in the Academy of American Poets, The Virginia Quarterly, Bat City Review, The Chicago Quarterly Review, The Southern Humanities Review, The Sugar House Review, Cura Magazine, and Muzzle Magazine. He is co-founder and curator of un::fade::able - The Requiem for Sandra Bland, a quarterly reading series examining restorative justice through poetry as a means to address racism. Brown currently teaches English at Loyola High School in Los Angeles.


Citing Images

Beatrice took a selfie   Angels Flight, Los Angeles, 2008   Angel's Flight by Millard Sheets   Schedule of Classes, 1918-1919   Lamassu

If you use an image in your work - be it on an ePortfolio, written essay, blog post, presentation, etc. - you need to give credit where credit is due, just like when quoting text from an article. Citations also help you (and your readers/followers) find that image again in the future.

Although using images in academic papers is generally covered under Fair Use, you may need to obtain additional permissions when publishing an image outside of the classroom, e.g. book or journal, YouTube video, thesis, demo reel, etc.

What to do:

  • Determine the title of the work - You may have to create your own caption or description.
  • Determine who created the work - artist, design, photographer, illustrator, etc. This can be difficult to find. If you are stuck, try looking at any embedded metadata in the image or try a reverse image search like TinEye or Google Search by Image.
  • Determine who provided the image - Flickr, someone's blog or website, company's official website, stock photo, online photo collection, research database, museum website, etc. When possible, link to the original or definitive source, not the Pinterest board.
  • Evaluate the image -  Like other sources, images should be evaluated for quality. A photo of the Mona Lisa from the Louvre website will be more credible than one found on or one of the first search results.
  • Document where you found the image online - When possible, link to the page with the information about the image. Otherwise, link directly to the image. Also, write down the date you last accessed it successfully.
  • Look for rights statements and crediting preferences - Is there a Creative Commons license? a link to their terms of use? Some sites will provide links, citations, or guidelines on how to credit their images and content.

Finding this information can be very difficult and very frustrating. For example, this image on Pinterest originally went to a dead link on Searching that website for "lamassu" returned a few results, which eventually pointed to this page on the Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.

At minimum, do your best to:

  1. Link to back to the original work
  2. Give credit to the image creator
  3. Follow attribution instructions provided by the source  

(From Using Images by April Hathcock, via NYU Libraries.)


Generic Citations (The Bare Minimum)

This type of caption is usually sufficient for use on blogs, presentations, articles, etc.

Some websites, publishers, and creators will specify conditions. For instance, museums often ask that the top URL be included, e.g. Items published under Creative Commons ought to include a link to the particular license. There may even be multiple copyright statements for the creator, the owner, and the photographer.

Suggested Format:

Title/Caption by Artist/Designer/Poster, via source/website (copyright statements/CC license).


Beatrice took a photo by mstornadox, via

Historic Angels Flight Funicular Railway in Downtown Los Angeles in 2008 by Rich Alossi, via (CC BY 3.0).

Angel's Flight by Millard Sheets, via Los Angeles County Museum of Art (artwork © Millard Sheets Estate, image

Schedule of Classes [1918-1919] by Otis Art Institute, via Otis Collections Online (© Otis College of Art and Design).

Human-headed winged lion (lamassu) [Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia], via Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History (The Metropolitan Museum of Art).

A note about URLs...

Do not use the URL for the set of Google Image Search Results (or other search engines): Example
Do not link to the front page of a website, e.g. or, unless that is where the image resides or when specified by the attribution instructions.


Formal Citations (MLA)

Please use these guidelines when crafting MLA citations for images found online, whether from a Google search, a database or Pinterest. It is not exhaustive; some digital images may have additional requirements, like works of art.

Basic Format:

Photographer/Artist/Poster’s Username. “Title or Caption.” Media. Name of Website. Publisher, date posted/published. Web. Date retrieved. <URL>

Works of Art have special rules:

Artist/Creator. Title. Date created. Owner/Repository, City. Source/Website. Web. Date retrieved. <URL>

Works on the web that were published in print (e.g. books) also have special rules:

Author/Artist/Creator. Title. City : Publisher, date published. Source/Website. Web. Date retrieved. <URL>


mstornadox. "Beatrice took a photo." Digital image. Yoyodyne Industries., 5 Nov. 2014. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <>

Alossi, Rich. Historic Angels Flight Funicular Railway in Downtown Los Angeles in 2008. Digital image. Wikimedia Commons., 2 Nov. 2008. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <>

Sheets, Millard. Angel's Flight. 1931. Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <>

"Schedule of Classes [1918-1919]." Los Angeles: Otis Art Institute, n.d. Otis Collections Online. Web. 24 Mar. 2015. <>

"Human-headed winged lion (lamassu) [Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia] (32.143.2)." 883–859 BC. Digital image. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Oct. 2006. Web. 24 Mar. 2015 <>

A note about URLs...

Although MLA no longer requires a full URL in a citation, it is a good idea to add it for resources that do not come from our research databases.

A note about dates...

If you do not know when an image was posted or created, use "n.d." for "no date." Capitalize when necessary.


Best Practices

Copyright: Using Images (NYU Libraries)

Guidelines for Correct Captioning of Images (College Art Association)

Best Practices for Attribution (Creative Commons)

Embedded Metatdata (Visual Resources Association)


Citations and Captions

Citing Images (University of Cincinnati Libraries)

Citation help for MLA: Tables, Figures and Illustrations (Purdue OWL)

Citation help for MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources (Purdue OWL)

How to Attribute a CC photo from Flickr (Librarian by Day)

Image Resources (Lewis & Clark)

Where do I give credit?

Credits can be added in many places, including:

  • image caption below or beside the image
  • within the text
  • end of paper or article
  • list of works cited
  • last slide of a presentation
  • caption added to the image itself

Be consistent! Do not add a caption for one image, then give an in-line citation for another.

For academic assignments, follow the instructor's guidelines.

MLA recommends using figure captions for in line example and full citations in a Works Cited section. More information

On this page, the credits for the images above are the examples in the text.